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Introduction to Cosmology
This is an introductory 4th year undergraduate and masters level course (taught 2013 and 2014), covering:
 Observations and the Copernican principle
 Expansion and Hubble law
 Homogeneity, isotropy and the FRW model
 Redshift and cosmological distances
 Friedmann and energy conservation equations, fluid density evolution
 Critical density, geometry, evolution and age of the universe
 Matter content, dark matter and dark energy
 Thermal equilibrium, CMB blackbody, statistical mechanics
 Thermal history, electronpositron annihilation, recombination, nucleosynthesis
 Problems with the hot big bang
 Qualitative discussion of inflation, initial conditions, structure formation and cosmological constraints
No knowledge of General Relativity is assumed. Previous knowledge of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics would be an advantage, but the presentation is fairly selfcontained.
The course is self contained but is followed by Early Universe (covering general material at a more advanced level using GR, plus details of inflation, nonthermal evolution and structure formation).
Preliminary course notes are available, but may well be updated as the course proceeds (don't print it all out at the beginning!):
Question sheets:
Other material:
Past exam questions:
Books:
There are several other good books, but most (like the last one above) are more advanced and assume some General Relativity.
Let me know if you come across other good references.
Other notes
You might also find these other online notes helpful
